What Is Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS)?

A Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) is an evidence-based model of schooling that uses data-based problem solving to integrate academic and behavioral instruction and intervention, which is delivered to students in varying intensities (tiers). The “need-driven” decision making helps ensure district resources reach the appropriate students (schools) at the appropriate levels to accelerate the performance of all students to achieve and/or exceed proficiency.

The MTSS framework utilizes a three-tier approach to provide all students with the best opportunities to succeed academically and behaviorally. MTSS focuses on:

  • Providing high quality instruction and interventions matched to student need.
  • Monitoring progress frequently to make decisions about changes in instruction or goals.
  • Using data-based decision making to allocate supports to improve student learning.
  • Supporting staff implementation of effective evidenced-based practices.
  • Implementing a problem solving model as the underlying mechanism for positive change

Additional Resources:

How to Create the Right Continuum of Support, George Sugai

Kanas Multi-Tiered Systems of Supports, Kansas State Department of Education

RTI Action Network

Michigan’s Integrated Behavior and Learning Support Initiative

Florida’s Multi-Tiered Systems of Support





Helping students and educators close achievement gaps in Central Ohio.

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